Federal Actions Combatting Modern Slavery
Legislation regarding human trafficking and modern slavery has made great gains within the last ten years. Here’s a list of some of the most recent legislative actions to ending modern slavery:
- The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) was created and passed as a response to human trafficking. TVPA is a three-pronged approach addressing human trafficking prevention, protection and prosecution.
- The Customs and Facilitations and Trade Enforcement Act of 2009 prohibited importing goods made through the use of coercion or by victims of modern slavery.
- The PROTECT Act or Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today Act of 2003 created punishments for individuals engaging in sex tourism with children, whether in the United States or internationally.
- Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 established the Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center. This center works to achieve effectiveness in the U.S.’ response to trafficking as well as collaborating internationally to address human trafficking throughout international travel and smuggling.
Another tool mandated by the Federal government is the President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. This tool was created by the TVPA in 2000. The office heads the 3 strategies for ending human trafficking: prevention, protection and prosecution. Its primary function is to engage foreign governments to fight human trafficking collectively. The task force is also a liaison to Congress for the media, non-governmental agencies and the general public regarding human trafficking issues.
The Federal government has also established a non-governmental national hotline for human trafficking tips, questions and anti-trafficking resources. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center provides emergency assistance 24 hours/day, 7 days/week. Contact information for the hotline is: 1-888-373-7888 or text BeFree.